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Banamine

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  • Flunixin Meglumine
  • For the alleviation of inflammation and pain associated with musculoskeletal disorders in the horse
Options:
100 mL - Injectable
100 mL 4pk - Injectable ($27.95/each)
250 mL - Injectable
Paste - 30 gm Tube
Paste 4pk - 30 gm Tube ($32.95/tube)
SKU: 3145-RX
Price: $29.95

Quantity:
RX required for this item.
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Pharmaceutical Name: Flunixin meglumine

Overview

Banamine brand of flunixin meglumine is the pioneer injectable non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drug approved for cattle and horses in the United States!

Banamine rapidly reduces the fever and lung inflammation that typically accompany bovine respiratory disease (BRD). With Banamine as part of a BRD treatment program, cattle feel better fast, and studies show they eat better sooner and have fewer lung lesions than cattle treated with conventional therapies.

Why Banamine Paste?
  • Quickly controls inflammatory responses.
  • NSAID approved for oral administration.
  • Non-narcotic; won't disrupt CNS or cardiac function.
  • Non-steroidal; no adrenal suppression or steroid side effects.
  • Active up to 36 hours.
by Merck Animal Health

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Banamine®  Injectable

Intervet/Merck Animal Health

(FLUNIXIN MEGLUMINE)

PRODUCT INFORMATION

NADA #101-479, Approved by FDA.

Injectable Solution

50 mg/mL

Veterinary

Only for Intravenous Use in Beef and Dairy Cattle. Not for Use in Dry Dairy Cows and Veal Calves. For Intravenous or Intramuscular Use in Horses.

CAUTION Federal law restricts this drug to use by or on the order of a licensed veterinarian.

DESCRIPTION Each milliliter of BANAMINE Injectable Solution contains flunixin meglumine equivalent to 50 mg flunixin, 0.1 mg edetate disodium, 2.5 mg sodium formaldehyde sulfoxylate, 4.0 mg diethanolamine, 207.2 mg propylene glycol; 5.0 mg phenol as preservative, hydrochloric acid, water for injection qs.

PHARMACOLOGY Flunixin meglumine is a potent, non-narcotic, nonsteroidal, analgesic agent with anti-inflammatory and antipyretic activity. It is significantly more potent than pentazocine, meperidine, and codeine as an analgesic in the rat yeast paw test.

Horse: Flunixin is four times as potent on a mg-per-mg basis as phenylbutazone as measured by the reduction in lameness and swelling in the horse. Plasma half-life in horse serum is 1.6 hours following a single dose of 1.1 mg/kg. Measurable amounts are detectable in horse plasma at 8 hours postinjection.

Cattle: Flunixin meglumine is a weak acid (pKa=5.82)1 which exhibits a high degree of plasma protein binding (approximately 99%).2 However, free (unbound) drug appears to readily partition into body tissues (VSS predictions range from 297 to 782 mL/kg.2-5 Total body water is approximately equal to 570 mL/kg).6 In cattle, elimination occurs primarily through biliary excretion.7 This may, at least in part, explain the presence of multiple peaks in the blood concentration/time profile following IV administration.2

In healthy cattle, total body clearance has been reported to range from 90 to 151 mL/kg/hr.2-5 These studies also report a large discrepancy between the volume of distribution at steady state (VSS) and the volume of distribution associated with the terminal elimination phase (Vβ). This discrepancy appears to be attributable to extended drug elimination from a deep compartment.8 The terminal half-life has been shown to vary from 3.14 to 8.12 hours.2-5

Flunixin persists in inflammatory tissues9 and is associated with anti-inflammatory properties which extend well beyond the period associated with detectable plasma drug concentrations.4,9 These observations account for the counterclockwise hysteresis associated with flunixin’s pharmacokinetic/pharmacodynamic relationships.10

Therefore, prediction of drug concentrations based upon the estimated plasma terminal elimination half-life will likely underestimate both the duration of drug action and the concentration of drug remaining at the site of activity.

INDICATIONS Horse: BANAMINE Injectable Solution is recommended for the alleviation of inflammation and pain associated with musculoskeletal disorders in the horse. It is also recommended for the alleviation of visceral pain associated with colic in the horse.

Cattle: BANAMINE Injectable Solution is indicated for the control of pyrexia associated with bovine respiratory disease, endotoxemia and acute bovine mastitis. BANAMINE Injectable Solution is also indicated for the control of inflammation in endotoxemia.

DOSE AND ADMINISTRATION Horse: The recommended dose for musculoskeletal disorders is 0.5 mg per pound (1 mL/100 lbs) of body weight once daily. Treatment may be given by intravenous or intramuscular injection and repeated for up to 5 days. Studies show onset of activity is within 2 hours. Peak response occurs between 12 and 16 hours and duration of activity is 24-36 hours.

The recommended dose for the alleviation of pain associated with equine colic is 0.5 mg per pound of body weight. Intravenous administration is recommended for prompt relief. Clinical studies show pain is alleviated in less than 15 minutes in many cases. Treatment may be repeated when signs of colic recur. During clinical studies approximately 10% of the horses required one or two additional treatments. The cause of colic should be determined and treated with concomitant therapy.

Cattle: The recommended dose for control of pyrexia associated with bovine respiratory disease and endotoxemia and control of inflammation in endotoxemia, is 1.1 to 2.2 mg/kg (0.5 to 1 mg/lb; 1 to 2 mL per 100 lbs) of body weight given by slow intravenous administration either once a day as a single dose or divided into two doses administered at 12-hour intervals for up to 3 days. The total daily dose should not exceed 2.2 mg/kg (1.0 mg/lb) of body weight. Avoid rapid intravenous administration of the drug.

The recommended dose for acute bovine mastitis is 2.2 mg/kg (1 mg/lb; 2 mL per 100 lbs) of body weight given once by intravenous administration.

CONTRAINDICATIONS Horse: There are no known contraindications to this drug when used as directed. Intra-arterial injection should be avoided. Horses inadvertently injected intra-arterially can show adverse reactions. Signs can be ataxia, incoordination, hyperventilation, hysteria, and muscle weakness. Signs are transient and disappear without antidotal medication within a few minutes. Do not use in horses showing hypersensitivity to flunixin meglumine.

Cattle: There are no known contraindications to this drug in cattle when used as directed. Do not use in animals showing hypersensitivity to flunixin meglumine. Use judiciously when renal impairment or gastric ulceration are suspected. NSAIDs inhibit production of prostaglandins which are important in signaling the initiation of parturition. The use of flunixin can delay parturition and prolong labor. Do not use Banamine Injectable Solution within 48 hours of expected parturition.

RESIDUE WARNINGS: Cattle must not be slaughtered for human consumption within 4 days of the last treatment. Milk that has been taken during treatment and for 36 hours after the last treatment must not be used for food. Not for use in dry dairy cows. A withdrawal period has not been established for this product in preruminating calves. Do not use in calves to be processed for veal. Not for use in horses intended for food. Approved only for intravenous administration in cattle. Intramuscular administration has resulted in violative residues in the edible tissues of cattle sent to slaughter.

PRECAUTIONS As a class, cyclo-oxygenase inhibitory NSAIDs may be associated with gastrointestinal and renal toxicity. Sensitivity to drug-associated adverse effects varies with the individual patient. Patients at greatest risk for renal toxicity are those that are dehydrated, on concomitant diuretic therapy, or those with renal, cardiovascular, and/or hepatic dysfunction.

Since many NSAIDs possess the potential to induce gastrointestinal ulceration, concomitant use of BANAMINE Injectable Solution with other anti-inflammatory drugs, such as other NSAIDs and corticosteroids, should be avoided or closely monitored.

Horse: The effect of BANAMINE Injectable Solution on pregnancy has not been determined. Studies to determine activity of BANAMINE Injectable Solution when administered concomitantly with other drugs have not been conducted. Drug compatibility should be monitored closely in patients requiring adjunctive therapy.

Cattle: Do not use in bulls intended for breeding, as reproductive effects of Banamine Injectable Solution in these classes of cattle have not been investigated. NSAIDs are known to have potential effects on both parturition (See Contraindications) and the estrous cycle. There may be a delay in the onset of estrus if flunixin is administered during the prostaglandin phase of the estrous cycle. NSAIDs are known to have the potential to delay parturition through a tocolytic effect. The use of NSAIDs in the immediate post-partum period may interfere with uterine involution and expulsion of fetal membranes. Cows should be monitored carefully for placental retention if Banamine Injectable Solution is used within 24 hours after parturition.

SAFETY Horse: A 3-fold intramuscular dose of 1.5 mg/lb of body weight daily for 10 consecutive days was safe. No changes were observed in hematology, serum chemistry, or urinalysis values. Intravenous dosages of 0.5 mg/lb daily for 15 days; 1.5 mg/lb daily for 10 days; and 2.5 mg/lb daily for 5 days produced no changes in blood or urine parameters. No injection site irritation was observed following intramuscular injection of the 0.5 mg/lb recommended dose. Some irritation was observed following a 3-fold dose administered intramuscularly.

Cattle: No flunixin-related changes (adverse reactions) were noted in cattle administered a 1X (2.2 mg/kg; 1.0 mg/lb) dose for 9 days (three times the maximum clinical duration). Minimal toxicity manifested itself at moderately elevated doses (3X and 5X) when flunixin was administered daily for 9 days, with occasional findings of blood in the feces and/or urine. Discontinue use if hematuria or fecal blood are observed.

ADVERSE REACTIONS In horses, isolated reports of local reactions following intramuscular injection, particularly in the neck, have been received. These include localized swelling, sweating, induration, and stiffness. In rare instances in horses, fatal or nonfatal clostridial infections or other infections have been reported in association with intramuscular use of BANAMINE Injectable Solution. In horses and cattle, rare instances of anaphylactic-like reactions, some of which have been fatal, have been reported, primarily following intravenous use.

HOW SUPPLIED BANAMINE Injectable Solution, 50 mg/mL, is available in 100-mL (NDC 0061-0851-03), and 250-mL (NDC 0061-0851-04) multi-dose vials.

Store between 2° and 30°C (36° and 86°F).

REFERENCES

1. Johansson M, Anler EL. Gas chromatographic analysis of flunixin in equine urine after extractive methylation. J Chromatogr. 1988;427:55-66.

2. Odensvik K, Johansson M. High-performance liquid chromatography method for determination of flunixin in bovine plasma and pharmacokinetics after single and repeated doses of the drug. Am J Vet Res. 1995;56:489-495.

3. Anderson KL, Neff-Davis CA, Davis LE, Bass VD. Pharmacokinetics of flunixin meglumine in lactating cattle after single and multiple intramuscular and intravenous administrations. Am J Vet Res. 1990;51:1464-1467.

4. Odensvik K. Pharmacokinetics of flunixin and its effect on prostaglandin F metabolite concentrations after oral and intravenous administration in heifers. J Vet Pharmacol Ther. 1995;18:254-259.

5. Hardee GE, Smith JA, Harris SJ. Pharmacokinetics of flunixin meglumine in the cow. Res Vet Sci. 1985;39:110-112.

6. Ruckebusch Y, Phaneuf LP, Dunlop R. Physiology of Small and Large Animals. Chapter 2: “Body Fluid Compartments,” Philadelphia, Pa: B.C. Decker; 1991:8-18.

7. Kopcha M, Ahl AS. Experimental uses of flunixin meglumine and phenylbutazone in food-producing animals. J Am Vet Med Assoc. 1989;194:45-49.

8. Wagner JG. Significance of ratios of different volumes of distribution in pharmacokinetics. Biopharm & Drug Dispos. 1983;4:263-270.

9. Lees P, Higgins AJ. Flunixin inhibits prostaglandin E2 production in equine inflammation. Res Vet Sci. 1984;37:347-349.

10. Landoni MF, Cunningham FM, Lees P. Determination of pharmacokinetics and pharmacodynamics of flunixin in calves by use of pharmacokinetic/pharmacodynamic modeling. Am J Vet Res. 1995;56:786-794.

October 2011

Copyright 1985, 2011 Intervet Inc., a subsidiary of Merck & Co. Inc. All rights reserved.

Made in Germany

117032 R1 R

117032 R1 V

NAC No.: 10470185


BANAMINE® PASTE

Intervet/Merck Animal Health

(FLUNIXIN MEGLUMINE)

Paste - 1500 mg flunixin/syringe

Veterinary

For Oral Use in Horses Only

CAUTION

Federal law restricts this drug to use by or on the order of a licensed veterinarian.

DESCRIPTION

Each 30-gram syringe of BANAMINE Paste contains flunixin meglumine equivalent to 1500 mg flunixin.

INDICATIONS

BANAMINE Paste is recommended for the alleviation of inflammation and pain associated with musculoskeletal disorders in the horse.

ACTIVITY

Flunixin meglumine is a potent nonnarcotic, nonsteroidal, analgesic agent with anti-inflammatory and antipyretic activity. It is significantly more potent than pentazocine, meperidine, and codeine as an analgesic in the rat yeast paw test. Oral studies in the horse show onset of flunixin activity occurs within 2 hours of administration. Peak response occurs between 12 and 16 hours and duration of activity is 24 to 36 hours.

CONTRAINDICATIONS

There are no known contraindications to this drug when used as directed.

WARNING

Not for use in horses intended for food.

PRECAUTIONS

The effect of BANAMINE Paste on pregnancy has not been determined. Studies to date show there is no detrimental effect on stallion spermatogenesis with or following the recommended dose of BANAMINE Paste.

SIDE EFFECTS

During field studies with BANAMINE Paste, no significant side effects were reported.

DOSAGE AND ADMINISTRATION

The recommended dose of flunixin is 0.5 mg per lb of body weight once daily. The BANAMINE Paste syringe, calibrated in twelve 250-lb weight increments, delivers 125 mg of flunixin for each 250 lbs (see dosage table). One syringe will treat a 1000-lb horse once daily for 3 days, or three 1000-lb horses one time.

DOSAGE TABLE

Syringe Mark*

Horse Weight (lbs)

BANAMINE Paste Delivered (g)

Mg Flunixin Delivered

0

-

-

-

250

250

2.5

125

500

500

5.0

250

750

750

7.5

375

1000

1000

10.0

500

*Use dial edge nearest syringe barrel to mark dose.

The paste is orally administered by inserting the nozzle of the syringe through the interdental space, and depositing the required amount of paste on the back of the tongue by depressing the plunger.

Treatment may be given initially by intravenous or intramuscular injection of BANAMINE Solution, followed by BANAMINE Granules or BANAMINE Paste on days 2 to 5. BANAMINE treatment should not exceed 5 consecutive days.

TOXICITY

No toxic effects were observed in rats given oral flunixin 2 mg/kg per day for 42 days. Higher doses produced ulceration of the gastrointestinal tract. The emetic dose in dogs is between 150 and 250 mg/kg. Flunixin was well tolerated in monkeys dosed daily with 4 mg/kg for 56 days. No adverse effects occurred in horses dosed orally with 1.0 or 1.5 mg/lb for 5 consecutive days.

HOW SUPPLIED BANAMINE Paste, 1500 mg is available in a single 30-g syringe.

Store between 2° and 30°C (36° and 86°F).

U.S. Patent Nos. 5,484,931 and 5,965,735.

NADA #137-409, Approved by FDA.

Made in Ireland.

Copyright © 1985, 1988, 1990, Schering-Plough Animal Health Corp., Union, NJ 07083. All rights reserved.

Net Wt.

NDC

 

30 g

0061-0214-02

25983602 Rev. 1/02

NAC No.: 10470193


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