5. September 2012
Most everyone in these tough economic times is trying to cut their expenses. Horse owners are no exception. However, cutting corners on your deworming and vaccination program may end up costing you more in the long run. For example, let’s look at tapeworm infestations.
Tapeworms are found in all the states in the United States. In fact, in some areas of the U.S., tapeworm’s exposure is 95%. In the upper Midwest and along the East and Southern coast, tapeworms account for 30% of all colics.
How serious are tapeworms? Tapeworms (Anoplocephala perfoliata) cause 22% of the spasmatic colics which can cause mild to serve abdominal pain. Abdominal pain in horses is easily treated in most cases, but there is always an expense involved. It can be as little as a few dollars to hundreds of dollars depending on the severity.
In addition to colics, tapeworms can cause a horse to have poor digestion with a thickening of the intestinal lining. This leads to a horse that is unthrifty and a horse that needs more feed to maintain body weight—thus increasing your expenses.
So, what do we do about tapeworms in horses? The best time to worm for tapes is in the fall. There are three products that are available to rid your horse of tapeworms. All of the products contain Praziquantel which works quite well against this parasite. They are Equimax (Ivermectin/Praziquantel), Zimecterin Gold (Ivermectin/Praziquantel), and Quest Plus (Moxidectin/Praziquantel). They will run from $10-$14 depending on where you find them.
Fall vaccinations for equine influenza and rhinopneumonitis are also important if your horse is in a high exposure situation. By that I mean if your horse is stabled where there are a lot of horses coming and going, or if you take your horse to shows, trail rides, or racetrack. Influenza and rhino are most easily spread by direct contact with infected horses or contact with stalls, waters, or feeders, where infective horses have recently been. Even if you had these two diseases covered in spring vaccinations, I would booster them this fall. Treating these two respiratory diseases can get expensive, let alone the loss in training time or loss of useful time spent with your horse while recuperating. The vaccines I recommend are: Calvenza-03, it is new and has the latest strains—it can be given by intramuscular injection or intranasally; Fort Dodge’s Flu Vac Innovator EHV-4/1 2ml injection given intramuscular; or Intervet’s Prestige II, a one ml intramuscular injection.
Deworm for Tapes and Vaccinate.
“IT’S CHEAP INSURANCE!”
28. August 2012
So far in 2012, according to the United States Geological Survey's Disease Maps, 87 cases of equine WNV have been reported in the following states, as of Aug 27th: Arizona, California, Colorado, Indiana, Iowa, Kentucky, Louisiana, Michigan, Mississippi, Missouri, New Jersey, New Mexico, North Dakota, Oklahoma, Pennsylvania, South Carolina, South Dakota, Texas, and Wyoming.
Louisiana--which did not report any equine WNV cases last year--has confirmed the most cases so far this year with 24
Signs of West Nile in horses:
Clinical signs for WNV include flulike signs, where the horse seems mildly anorexic and depressed; fine and coarse muscle and skin fasciculation (twitching); hyperesthesia (hypersensitivity to touch and sound); changes in (mentality), when horses look like they are daydreaming or "just not with it"; occasional somnolence (drowsiness); propulsive walking (driving or pushing forward, often without control); and "spinal" signs, including asymmetrical weakness. Some horses show asymmetrical or symmetrical ataxia. Equine mortality rate can be as high as 30-40%.
21. August 2012
The best time for west nile vaccinations in at about 5 months of age. You can give it in a combination vaccine that contains Eastern Western Encephalitis and Tetanus. If you plan on stabling with other horses or showing your Foal then add Influenza and Rhinopnumonitis in the combination as well. Repeat the vaccination in 4 weeks.